# Momentum

## Explanation[edit]

Momentum is generally defined as the 'oomph' of an object. Momentum of the object, denoted by **p**, is the product of mass **m** and the velocity **v** of the object. The unit of momentum (**p = mv**) is **kg m/s**.

## Frequently Asked Questions[edit]

### What is the difference between momentum and kinetic energy?[edit]

Say you apply a constant force **F** on a car of mass **m** for a time t to push it north on a frictionless road and it attains a velocity **v**. It now has a momentum of mv and a kinetic energy of **½ mv ^{2}**. Now consider a small toy car, the size of your palm with a lesser mass. To reach the same momentum, you need to apply the same force for a longer time and distance to accelerate it to a suitable velocity. Comparing to the real car, the toy car would have the same momentum now, but a very high kinetic energy. Momentum is a vector quantity that varies linearly with velocity and kinetic energy is a scalar quantity that varies in a quadratic way with the velocity.