Cell division is the self-replicating biological process of a cell by dividing itself into two or more daughter cells, thereby distributing and duplicating the same genetic material. Cell division takes place in two different ways—mitosis and meiosis. Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells from a single cell with the identical set of chromosomes. Mitosis happens in all non-reproductive cells. In meiosis, a cell is divided into four daughter cells with half the number of chromosomes, producing the reproductive cells.
Frequently Asked Question
How cells know when to divide?
The process of cell division is a part of the cell life cycle. The entirety of the cycle is mediated by different genes and proteins. Cell division, in particular, is controlled by the protein called as Cyclin. This protein signal is picked by the cell through its receptor and certain enzymes gets activated that regulate the cell division. If the cell division is not regulated, it leads to cancer.