Carbon is an element in the periodic table with an atomic number of 6, belonging to the 14th group. The most common, stable, and naturally occurring isotope is 12C. Some other naturally occurring isotopes are 13C and 14C, of which only Carbon-13 is stable. It is one of the most abundant of the elements. It has the electron configuration [He] 2s2 2p2.
|Atomic mass||12.011 g/mol|
|Melting point||3550 °C (3823.15 K)|
|Boiling point||4827 °C (5100.15 K)|
|Density||1.8 to 2.1 g/cm3 (amorphous), 2.267 g/cm3 (graphite), 3.515 g/cm3 (diamond) at r.t.|
Why is Carbon considered useful?edit
Because Carbon has many allotropes with different physical and chemical properties. It is also one of the most common elements, being found in a lot of chemical compounds and almost all organic compounds. Carbon is tetravalent and has a Z of 6, which enables it to have many of these properties.